A lot of people confuse the above 3 items. I’ll explain exactly what each of the 3 above items do, how you can see them, and how the routers use them to provide a L3VPN service. Let’s take the following topology for this post: Here we have 2 L3VPN customers running over our MPLS core. R5 is advertising 220.127.116.11/32. R8 is also advertising 18.104.22.168/32 Route Distinguisher The route distinguisher’s sole job is to keep a route unique while the PE routers advertise NLRI (Network Layer Reachability Information) to each other. If R5 and R8 both advertise 22.214.171.124/32 to R3, how will R3 advertise both of those routes to R4 while keeping them unique.
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